There are major genres of literature

Genres are not wholly fixed categories of writing, but their content evolves according to social and cultural contexts and contemporary questions of morals and norms. The most enduring genres are those literary forms that were defined and performed by the Ancient Greeks, definitions sharpened by the proscriptions of our earliest literary critics and rhetorical scholars such as Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Aeschylus, Aspasia, Euripides and others.

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The prevailing genres of literary composition in Ancient Greece were all written and constructed to explore cultural, moral, or ethical questions; they were ultimately defined as the genres of epictragedyand comedy.

Aristotle's proscriptive analysis of tragedy, for example, as expressed in his Rhetoric and Poetics, saw it as having six parts music, diction, plot, character, thought, and spectacle working together in particular ways. Thus Aristotle establishes one of the earliest delineations of the elements that define genre. Literary genres are often defined by the cultural expectations and needs of a particular historical and, cultural moment or place.

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A genre may fall under one of two categories: fiction and nonfiction. Any genre can be either a work of fiction nonfactual descriptions and events invented by the author or a work of nonfiction in which descriptions and events are understood to be factual. Literary fiction is a term used to distinguish certain fictional works that possess commonly held qualities to readers outside genre fiction.

These are genres belonging to the realm of nonfiction.

What Are the Three Major Types of Literature?

Some genres listed may reappear throughout the list, indicating cross-genre status. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from List of literary genres. Wikipedia list article. Main article: Literary genre. This article needs additional citations for verification.

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Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This article needs attention from an expert on the subject. The specific problem is: overbroad understanding of the term "genre". When placing this tag, consider associating this request with a WikiProject. June Alternate history. List of alternate history fiction Retrofuturism Sidewise Award Writers. Fantasy fiction. Science fiction. Horror fiction. Retrieved 10 April Chicago and London: American Library Association.

Victorian Literature and Culture. Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 13 November Irony Leitmotif Metaphor Moral Motif.

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Linear narrative Nonlinear narrative films television series Types of fiction with multiple endings. Past Present Future.

there are major genres of literature

Categories : Literary genres Literature lists Literature by genre Writing-related lists. Hidden categories: Webarchive template other archives Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Articles needing unspecified expert attention Articles needing expert attention from June All articles needing expert attention All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles needing additional references from June L iterature is one of the major forms of expression in our society today.

Even other artistic media, such as film, are inspired by literature. Like other art forms, literature is classified into four main literary genres and sub-genres —fiction, non-fiction, poetry, and drama. It is imperative for students to learn the different types of literature so they would not be overwhelmed by the subjective nature of literature review writing.

The most popular literary genre nowadays is fiction. Fiction, in literature, is any work that is created by the imagination, or in other words, not real. These stories may be based on real events or persons, but most of it has been altered. Fiction often includes novels, short stories, and novellas. More modern fiction, such as flash fiction, experiments on form and length. Fiction focuses on the narrative that transpires and the meanings ascribed to them by their authors.

Different writers have developed their own styles, foreshadowing future events or holding back certain details as they please. For example, Anton Chekhov is renowned for stories where the plot is stagnant, but with very vivid characters. This literary genre is the opposite of fiction, although they are very similar in terms of components and their usage of storytelling techniques. Creative non-fiction makes use of stories, people, or events that really happened.

In fact, the only detail non-fiction writers can change are the names of the characters or places to protect the people involved.

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Non-fiction is commonly employed by or about celebrities and political figures to shed light on a controversial event in their life or to inspire others. An example is Malala Yousafzai, who after recovering from being attacked by terrorists in her country, shared her story and her advocacy through her autobiography titled I Am Malala.

Creative non-fiction includes personal narrative essaysbiographies, autobiographies or memoirs, and literary journalism.

Probably the oldest literary genre, dating back to prehistoric times when poetry was still part of oral tradition. Poets like Homer told epic stories through poetry. Due to its origin in oral history, poetry is characterized by meter and rhyme. Think Shakespeare and Wordsworth.The three major types of literature are drama, epic and lyric. Plato, Aristotle and Horace originally conceived of the three genres.

there are major genres of literature

In a drama, the characters are independent from the author. Dramas present characters on a stage and they have separate thoughts and actions that show their unique personalities. Plays are the common form of drama, whether they are tragedies, histories or comedies.

The Four Literary Genres

An example of a drama is "King Lear" by William Shakespeare. An epic is a lengthy story, told in episodic form. Epics are about heroes and the trials and tribulations they face to overcome adversity and triumph in their quest. They are written in narrative style and told from the third person perspective. The modern interpretation of epics is that they are a mixed genre. They can include folk tales and novellas, though only novels and romances continue to be lengthy. An example of a classic epic is "The Odyssey" by Homer.

In the lyric form of literature, the writer usually writes in first person. This style includes ballads, sonnets and other short forms of poetry.

there are major genres of literature

Lyrics are emotional and based off the poet's own experiences. More From Reference. The U.Genres of literature are important to learn about. The two main categories separating the different genres of literature are fiction and nonfiction. There are several genres of literature that fall under the nonfiction category. Nonfiction sits in direct opposition to fiction.

Examples from both the fiction and nonfiction genres of literature are explained in detail below. This detailed genres of literature list is a great resource to share with any scholars.

Narrative Nonfiction is information based on fact that is presented in a format which tells a story. A short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, usually in prose and generally analytic, speculative, or interpretative. Generally delivered in the form of an address or discourse. Finally there is the general genre of Nonfiction.

This is Informational text dealing with an actual, real-life subject. This genre of literature offers opinions or conjectures on facts and reality. This includes biographies, history, essays, speech, and narrative non fiction. Nonfiction opposes fiction and is distinguished from those fiction genres of literature like poetry and drama which is the next section we will discuss.

This genre is stories composed in verse or prose, usually for theatrical performance, where conflicts and emotion are expressed through dialogue and action. Poetry is verse and rhythmic writing with imagery that evokes an emotional response from the reader. The art of poetry is rhythmical in composition, written or spoken. This genre of literature is for exciting pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts.

Fantasy is the forming of mental images with strange or other worldly settings or characters; fiction which invites suspension of reality.

Humor is the faculty of perceiving what is amusing or comical. Fiction full of fun, fancy, and excitement which meant to entertain.

This genre of literature can actually be seen and contained within all genres. A Fable is a story about supernatural or extraordinary people Usually in the form of narration that demonstrates a useful truth.

In Fables, animals often speak as humans that are legendary and supernatural tales.Genre means a type of art, literature, or music characterized by a specific form, content, and style. For example, literature has four main genres: poetry, dramafictionand non-fiction. All of these genres have particular features and functions that distinguish them from one another. Hence, it is necessary on the part of readers to know which category of genre they are reading in order to understand the message it conveys, as they may have certain expectations prior to the reading concerned.

Poetry is the first major literary genre. All types of poetry share specific characteristics. In fact, poetry is a form of text that follows a meter and rhythmwith each line and syllable. It is further subdivided into different genres, such an epic poemnarrativeromantic, dramatic, and lyric. Dramatic poetry includes melodramatragedyand comedywhile other poems includes odesonnetelegyballadsong, and epic. All these poetic forms share specific features, such as they do not follow paragraphs or sentences; they use stanzas and lines instead.

Some forms follow very strict rules of length, and number of stanzas and lines, such as villanellesonnet, and haiku.

Others may be free-form, like Feelings, Nowby Katherine Foreman, which is devoid of any regular meter and rhyme scheme. Besides that, often poetry uses figurative languagesuch as metaphorsimileonomatopoeiahyperboleand alliteration to create heightened effect. Drama is a form of text that is performed in front of an audience. It is also called a play. Its written text contains dialogues, and stage directions.

This genre has further categories such as comedy, tragedy, and tragicomedy. William Shakespeare is known as the father of English drama. This type of written text is different from poetry in that it has complete sentences organized into paragraphs. Unlike poetry, prose focuses on characters and plotrather than focusing on sounds. It includes short stories and novels, while fiction and non-fiction are its sub genres.Nowadays the list of possible types and literature genres can seem endless.

But it is still possible to narrow down the vast amount of literature available into a few basic groups. The five genres of literature students should be familiar with are Poetry, Drama, Prose, Nonfiction, and Media —each of which is explained in more detail below. This is often considered the oldest form of literature. Before writing was invented, oral stories were commonly put into some sort of poetic form to make them easier to remember and recite.

Poetry today is usually written down but is still sometimes performed. A lot of people think of rhymes and counting syllables and lines when they think of poetry, and some poems certainly follow strict forms. But other types of poetry are so free-form that they lack any rhymes or common patterns.

There are even kinds of poetry that cross genre lines, such as prose poetry. In general, though, a text is a poem when it has some sort of meter or rhythmand when it focuses on the way the syllables, words, and phrases sound when put together. Poems are heavy in imagery and metaphor and are often made up of fragments and phrases rather than complete, grammatically correct sentences.

And poetry is nearly always written in stanzas and lines, creating a unique look on the page. Poetry, as experienced in the classroom, is usually one of three types. There are the shorter, more modern poems, spanning anything from a few lines to a few pages.

Often these are collected in books of poems by a single author or by a variety of writers. And finally, there are the ancient, epic poems transcribed from oral stories. The most typical varieties of prose are novels and short stories, while other types include letters, diaries, journals, and non-fiction also discussed below. Prose is written in complete sentences and organized in paragraphs. Instead of focusing on sound, which is what poetry does, prose tends to focus on plot and characters.

Prose is the type of literature read most often taught in English classrooms. Some of these genres revolve around the structure of the text, such as novellas, biographies, and memoirs, and others are based on the subject matter, like romances, fantasies, and mysteries. Students respond best to dramas, and grasp their mechanics more fully when exposed to film or theater versions or encouraged to read aloud or act out scenes during class.

The dramas most commonly taught in classrooms are definitely those written by the bard. Popular choices from his repertoire include HamletTaming of the Shrewand Romeo and Julietamong others.

Poetry and drama both belong to the broader category of fiction —texts that feature events and characters that have been made up. Then there is non-fiction, a vast category that is a type of prose and includes many different sub-genres. Non-fiction can be creative, such as the personal essay, or factual, such as the scientific paper.

Some genres of non-fiction include histories, textbooks, travel books, newspapers, self-help books, and literary criticism. A full list of non-fiction types would be at least as long as this entire article. But the varieties most often used in the classroom are textbooks, literary criticism, and essays of various sorts. Most of what students practice writing in the classroom is the non-fiction essay, from factual to personal to persuasive.

The newest type of literature that has been defined as a distinct genre is media. This categorization was created to encompass the many new and important kinds of texts in our society today, such as movies and films, websites, commercials, billboards, and radio programs.

More and more educators are coming to recognize the importance of teaching media in the classroom. Students are likely to be exposed to far more of this type of literature than anything else throughout their lives, so it makes sense to teach them how to be critical and active consumers of media. Internet literacy is a growing field, for example, since the skills required to understand and use online information differ in important ways from the skills required to analyze printed information.

Teaching media literacy is also a great way for educators to help students become participants in their own culture, through lessons on creating their own websites or home movies or commercials. These are far from the only important genres of literature. Here are a few more that are sometimes used in classrooms: Oral Literature: The oldest type of literature, and the foundation on which culture was built.

Now, most oral texts have been written down, of course, and are usually taught in the form of epic poems or plays or folk tales.It seems like there is an infinite amount of genres in literature, but in reality, there are actually many sub-genres. These sub-genres stem from the three primary forms of literature: PoetryDramaand Prose. Poetry is the most intense form of writing.

It allows a writer to express his or her deepest emotions and thoughts in a very personal way. It relies heavily on figurative language, rhythm, and imagery to relay its message to readers. Drama is a literary work written to be performed in front of an audience. It contains dialogue, and actors impersonate the characters.

It is usually divided into acts or scenes, and relies on props or imaginative dialogue to create a visual experience for the audience. Prose is the most common form of writing. It is not restricted by rhythm or dialogue, and it most closely resembles everyday speech.

It is usually straightforward, and may utilize figurative language, dialogue, characters, and imagery. It is designed to entertain, but it can also inspire, inform, or persuade. Nonfiction is writing that is based on true events, people, places, and facts. It is designed to inform, and sometimes to entertain. A speech is a formal address given to an audience.

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Speeches can be found in prose, drama, and poetry, and their primary goals are to persuade, inform, demonstrate, or entertain a reader, an audience, or other characters. They can also be used in nonfiction or fiction, depending on their purpose and use. Download W9.

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